Dental prosthesis

Dental prosthesis

A dental prosthesis is an artificial element that is manufactured in a personalized way and serves to replace or restore the anatomy of one or more teeth, thus recovering the functionality and aesthetics of the dentition.

When you are missing a tooth it is of great importance to replace it since its absence will cause serious alterations in the health of your mouth, which will cause:

  1. Difficulty chewing correctly, since there is no correct gear between our teeth.
  2. Loss of bone that held the missing tooth
  3. Movements of the other teeth as they tend to occupy the space that is free. The teeth that contacted in front of the absent ones extrude, causing food packaging, possible cavities and periodontal problems.

Thanks to the most advanced CAD / CAM digital dentistry systems, with which we carry out the design and manufacture of computer-assisted dental prostheses, at the OMIDENTAL clinic we offer you the possibility of replacing your lost teeth in a more precise and exact way , and with a shorter manufacturing time, so that in this way you can recover the smile and the function of your mouth quickly.

Dental prostheses are used to rehabilitate the oral functions of patients with edentulism, that is, who have partially or totally lost their teeth, replacing them with artificial dental elements.

Sometimes they can also be used to correct functional abnormalities, to improve the shape, color or position of natural teeth and to obtain an aesthetic smile.

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Different types of dental prostheses can be distinguished:

Removable prostheses: the mobile prosthesis is used to replace part or all of the dental arch and can be removed to perform daily hygiene maneuvers.

They are the option most chosen by people unable to undergo dental implants, since they do not have the appropriate conditions for it.

The mobile prosthesis can be:

Partial: when there is a toothless oral area, but some of the teeth of the arch are still preserved, a removable partial resin prosthesis can be used, also known as “mucodent-supported”.

It is generally made up of a structure called a skeleton that rests on the gum and is anchored by hooks or attachments to the remaining natural teeth, which gives them functional and chewing stability.

Total: when there is a total absence of teeth, it is decided to choose complete removable dentures. These prostheses cover the entire bone crest, that is, the bone where the natural teeth were previously. They are also known as "mucosupported", since they ensure their support thanks to the support on the gum and the composition of the prosthesis itself.

This type of dental prosthesis is usually made from a system called "induction", which makes them have greater resistance.

With the use of innovative materials, such as composites and ceramics that are hypoallergenic and highly aesthetic, we achieve amazing results that resemble natural teeth.

It is possible to improve the stability of removable prostheses with the placement of implants with minimally invasive procedures, which can also be performed in very elderly patients and / or with health problems

Within fixed dental prostheses, there is the following classification of types of dental prostheses:

Fixed prostheses: the fixed prosthesis replaces or improves natural teeth, being cemented to their surfaces in a definitive and stable way, therefore, they are not removable. They can be veneers, inlays, crowns or bridges cemented to teeth that act as natural support abutments.

Veneers: allow the correction of imperfections caused by fractures, anomalies in shape and size, positional defects (such as excessive space between teeth) or color changes.

They are made up of a thin layer of porcelain or composite glued to the visible surface of the tooth. This type of intervention is minimally invasive and is able to offer an excellent aesthetic result, lasting and stable over time

Ceramic or composite inlays also allow the reconstruction of fractured teeth or with large reconstructions, and offer guarantees of biological compatibility and excellent esthetic results.

Crowns or fixed tooth-supported bridges. These prostheses are used to restore one or more teeth. They are placed on the previously carved teeth, being their only support. They are manufactured by taking the impressions of the rest of the teeth to achieve that they mimic in size and color. The crowns can be metal-ceramic or zirconia. The latter offer several advantages, such as greater biocompatibility.

Fixed prosthesis on implants. Implant-supported prostheses consist of a prosthetic structure fixed by screws or cemented in implants that have previously been placed within the maxillary bones. It is a restorative dentistry treatment that is used to recover the functionality and aesthetics of the entire arch.
Hybrid prostheses on implants. Some prostheses combine the fixation of the implants with the mucosal surface of the gums to fit the prosthesis. They are recommended when there is considerable bone resorption. Hybrid prostheses are manufactured using acrylic materials. For its maintenance, you must go to the dental office, where the prosthesis is removed to sanitize it and keep it in good condition.

Implant-supported prostheses: These prostheses that are anchored with implants serve to restore lost teeth with greater masticatory and functional effectiveness.

Implants act as artificial supports integrated into the mandibular or maxillary bone and help to preserve the health of the teeth that are still present and guarantee complete stability of the prosthesis.

They offer the advantage of not progressively deteriorating the health and stability of the remaining teeth or the gum by not releasing their chewing forces directly on them, as other prostheses do, and they provide great security when eating, laughing and talking like that of natural teeth.

Nowadays, implantology is the best solution for functional and aesthetic chewing rehabilitation.

The prostheses on implants as well as those that are held with the help of the teeth can be removable prostheses for cleaning or completely fixed. And they can also be screwed or cemented prostheses. Both fixation systems are very effective and are chosen according to the different clinical situations that arise.

The use of zirconia and ceramic allows to increase the translucency obtaining aesthetic results of absolute naturalness.

Dental prosthesis care

Once the prosthesis is placed, the dentist will give instructions on its maintenance. To increase the durability of dental prostheses, it is necessary to carry out daily care and go to a dental check-up periodically.

To care for removable prostheses, it is necessary to wash the prosthesis and the oral cavity after each meal, by brushing, using an oral mouthwash and dental floss. The prosthesis must be sanitized with the help of a special prosthesis brush and toothpaste. It is important to use cleaning tablets daily to sanitize the removable prosthesis, as they fight the action of fungi and bacteria and eliminate stains.

At night, it is recommended to remove the prosthesis to rest from the pressure that this appliance can exert. Gum massages help improve blood flow.

Cleaning of fixed dental prostheses is carried out in accessible parts, with a toothbrush and toothpaste. A special dental floss or an interdental brush will be used between the pontics and the gums and in the interdental spaces. The use of an oral irrigator and a mouthwash is recommended. Proper oral hygiene should be maintained in the rest of the teeth, regardless of the special care for dental prostheses.

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